配置Linux(基于CentOS的LNMP)服务器Ⅰ

系统环境初始化

1. 检查系统是否正常
# more /var/log/messages(检查有无系统级错误信息)
# dmesg (检查硬件设备是否有错误信息)
# cat /proc/cpuinfo (检查CPU频率是否正常)
# top (按1检测CPU核数是否正常,内存大小是否正常)
# ifconfig(检查网卡设置是否正确)

2.使用 yum 程序安装开发包(以下为标准的 RPM 包名称)
# yum -y install ntp make openssl openssl-devel pcre pcre-devel libpng libpng-devel libjpeg-6b libjpeg-devel-6b freetype freetype-devel gd gd-devel zlib zlib-devel gcc gcc-c++ libXpm libXpm-devel ncurses ncurses-devel libmcrypt libmcrypt-devel libxml2 libxml2-devel imake autoconf automake screen sysstat compat-libstdc++-33 curl curl-devel

3.定时校正服务器时钟,定时与中国国家授时中心授时服务器同步
# crontab -e
加入一行:
*/30 * * * * ntpdate 210.72.145.44 > /dev/null 2>&1

4.下载程序包
请到各程序官方网站下载最新的稳定版本存放到/usr/local/src/目录
Nginx
http://wiki.nginx.org/NginxChs

PHP
http://cn.php.net/releases/

PHP FPM补丁
http://php-fpm.org/downloads/

Mysql
http://dev.mysql.coml/

Zend
http://www.zend.com/

Memcache
http://pecl.php.net/package/memcache/

Memcached
http://memcached.googlecode.com

Libiconv
http://www.gnu.org/software/libiconv/

libevent
http://www.monkey.org/~provos/libevent/

文中的配置文件和脚本限于篇幅,请到以下地址下载
Nginx控制脚本
http://c.sihost.net/jb/nginx

PHP FPM配置文件
http://c.sihost.net/jb/php-fpm.conf

Nginx 配置文件
http://c.sihost.net/jb/nginx.conf

FCGI配置文件
http://c.sihost.net/jb/fcgi.conf
以上列出的程序最新稳定版下载列表

http://c.sihost.net/lnmp_tools.list
在 /usr/local/src目录下执行
wget http://c.sihost.net/lnmp_tools.list
wget -i lnmp_tools.list

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